Paleoclimatic investigations using carbonate speleothems in South Korea
A cave is defined as a naturally formed underground cavity large enough for human entry. According to the formation processes, caves are usually divided into solution, volcanic, glacier, crevice, and erosion caves, etc. Among solution types, limestone caves commonly include various types of carbonate speleothems. The speleothems in limestone caves are mostly composed of carbonate minerals with calcite, aragonite, or a combination of two.